The bell is one of the oldest musical instrument in the world. Unconditionally bells have their own peculiarities in different countries. In Russian the word bell is spoken like kolokol. The etymology of this word dates back to the Old Indian word kalakalas, that means noise, shouts. In Greek the word kaleo means call. The Roman Catholics said kalare, that meant to assemble.


Ringing of bells makes always the feeling of magic strength, wizardry and mystery. This impression is made not so much by clam as by clash of the bell. Bells, which played a certain role in Russian history have given occasion to many beautiful legends.




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Hand bell with an image of the Mother of God

Many icons and statues of the Blessed Virgin are deep honored and are considered as wonder-working. The Kazan icon of the Blessed Virgin is a wonder-working icon, which appeared in Kazan in 1579. It is one of the most honored icons in the Russian Orthodox Church.

After a fire destroyed a part of Kazan in 1579, the Virgin came to ten-years- old Matrona. She ordered to dig Her icon out of the ashes. The icon was really found in the place located at the depth of about one meter.

Miracles of the icon began even while its transportation from the place of its appearance to the temple: two blinds, participating in the procession, were cured.

Before the Kazan cathedral was constructed on the Moscow Red Square in 1636, the Moscow "Kazan" icon had been in the parochial temple of Pozharskiys the Vvedenskij churche in Lubjanka, in Pskovich (it hasn't been preserved; it was located on the present Vorovskojs square. After destruction of the Kazan cathedral in Moscow the esteemed copy of the Kazan icon was carried over to the Bogojavlensky Elohovsky cathedral of Moscow. The first temple, which was built in honor of the icon, was the Kazan church in the village of Kolomenskoje located near Moscow.

In the XIX-th century the Kazan image was undoubtedly the most worshipped icon on the national scale in Russia. At the beginning of the XX-th century there were dozens of officially "honored" local copies of the Kazan icon across the Russian empire in various bishoprics.

At the end of the XX-th century myths were extended, which connected the icon with the metropolitan of the mountains of Lebanon Iliya and about the special role of the icon in the Great Patriotic War.

There is a legend in the Kazan diocese according to which after several attempts to steal the wonder-working icon the last hegumen of the Kazan Bogoroditsky monastery had a custom to substitute the original icon under the icon-setting with the exact copy every night. Thus the icon, which was at night by Stojan-Chajkin, was an exact copy of the icon, and the original image remained safe and is now in the temple of the wonder-workers of Yaroslavl on the Arsky cemetery. However, the known fine art expert N.N.Chugreeva doesn't confirm the authentication of this icon with the appeared miraculously icon of Kazan according to stylistic criteria.